By contrast, governments in many of the countries surveyed in South Asia and the Middle East-North Africa region have officially embraced Islam.
Sharia Sharia, or Islamic law, offers moral and legal guidance for nearly all aspects of life – from marriage and divorce, to inheritance and contracts, to criminal punishments.
But in two regions, far fewer Muslims say Islamic law should be endorsed by their governments: Southern and Eastern Europe (18%) and Central Asia (12%).
Within regions, support for enshrining sharia as official law is particularly high in some countries with predominantly Muslim populations, such as Afghanistan and Iraq.
It covered Muslims in 39 countries, which are divided into six regions in this report – Southern and Eastern Europe (Russia and the Balkans), Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa.
Attitudes toward Islamic law vary significantly by region.
Many of the countries surveyed in Central Asia and Southern and Eastern Europe share a history of separating religion and the state.
The policies of modern Turkey’s founding father, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, for example, emphasized the creation of a secular government; other countries in these two regions experienced decades of secularization under communist rule.Likewise the percentage of Christians in Jordan is usually estimated to be 6-7%.Overwhelming percentages of Muslims in many countries want Islamic law (sharia) to be the official law of the land, according to a worldwide survey by the Pew Research Center.In the modern era, Sunnis constitute more than 70% of the overall Muslim population while the Shi'as are slightly more than 20%. The major surviving Imamah-Muslim Sects are Usulism (with nearly more than 10%), Nizari Ismailism (with nearly more than 1%) and Alevism (with slightly more than 0.5% Most of the percentages of Muslim populations of each country, if not stated otherwise, were taken from the study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011. The percentage of Muslims in Egypt is given as 93.7%.However, the figure for Christians in Egypt is usually estimated at 12-15%, but in truth nobody knows since there has been no religious census.Support for making sharia the law of the land is highest in South Asia (median of 84%).